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To Curb The Abuse Of Antibiotics, National Action Is Needed
- May 30, 2018 -

The National Health and Health Commission recently issued a notice to continue to strengthen the management of antibiotics. In addition to the traditional restrictions on the use of antibiotics, the strict control of antibiotic abuse notice, focusing on limiting the abuse of antibiotics in children, the elderly, and pregnant women.

Antibiotic abuse can lead to a rapid increase in bacterial resistance, morbidity of infectious diseases, treatment failure rates, and mortality. In the 1960s, 7 million people worldwide died of bacterial infections each year. Today, the number has risen to 20 million, largely because of what is believed to be bacterial resistance.

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Antibiotics are far more harmful to children than adults. Children, especially infants Children's physiological structures and functions are not well developed and are more susceptible to the effects, such as kidney damage; broad-spectrum antibiotics, for example, kill harmful and beneficial bacteria together, causing permanent changes in the microbial formations in the children's intestines. Affect metabolism, lead to obesity.

The side effects of antibiotics often do not appear in the short term. Many patients are not aware of this and are susceptible to advertising. They are keen to use the Internet to "consult themselves" and sometimes ask their doctors to prescribe antibiotics. Some doctors turn a blind eye with one eye open. Major hospitals have previously restricted outpatient infusion and antibiotic injections, but paediatrics has not been restricted Because of the prevalence of infective diseases in children and the high proportion of antibiotics used in children, about 88% of the total drug use in children, it can be seen that the state restrict the use of antibiotics again and control the use of antibiotics in old and young pregnant women.

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It is a necessary practice under the severe situation. Antibiotic management, such as drug prevention and postoperative prevention, is obviously very important, but the abuse of antibiotics is a whole social problem. To curb the abuse of antibiotics requires a "national answer". In the course of seeking medicine, doctors and parents have to update the relevant knowledge. In order to raise the humanistic care consciousness of patients, the patients and their families should also know more about the course of disease, control their own medicine purchase and reduce the self-medication. Besides medicine, the abuse of antibiotics in aquaculture industry should be paid more attention.

In 2015, Fudan University tested the urine of more than 1000 children in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai. At least 58 percent of the urine samples were found to have antibiotics, some of which were not for human use, but for animals. Antibiotics can make livestock less sick, how long meat, farmers often overuse, China's current management in this respect is relatively lagging behind.

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Human and animal ingestion Antibiotics end up leaving more than 80 percent of the body, and once they get into the soil, the rivers, the antibiotics in the soil and water, they go through agricultural production to food, livestock, vegetables. Therefore, the recovery of expired drugs and the classification of waste in daily life also affect the circulation accumulation of antibiotics in nature and human body.

More than 50 years ago, dozens of units of penicillin could save people's lives. Now, the clinical use of penicillin is more than 89 million units. Even vancomycin, the last fortress of human infection, has also appeared super resistant bacteria. Who put forward "stop drug resistance-No action today" in 2011 The appeal that there will be no medicine tomorrow is not an empty statement.


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