Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes, is a special type of diabetes and a reserve state of type 2 diabetes. Clinical data show that 2 to 3 percent of women develop diabetes during pregnancy. The disease usually occurs in the middle and late pregnancy, and is more common in obese and elderly parturients. The incidence of preterm birth, low birth weight, dystocia, macrosomia and congenital malformation in pregnant women with gestational diabetes was significantly higher than that in those without diabetes. New Zealand researchers have found that women who take probiotics during pregnancy have a reduced risk of developing gestational diabetes, French media outlet Topsante reported.
Researchers at the university of otago in Wellington and the university of Auckland in New Zealand studied 394 pregnant women, giving 194 expectant mothers compressed tablets of lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001, a probiotic used to make yogurt, and 200 pregnant women a placebo. The researchers followed the women for 24 to 30 months.
The study appears in the British journal of nutrition. Women taking probiotics had significantly lower blood sugar levels on an empty stomach than those taking a placebo, the report said. The researchers found that women who took the placebo had a 6.5 percent prevalence of gestational diabetes, while those who took probiotics had a 2.1 percent prevalence, 68 percent less. The researchers conclude that probiotics can reduce the risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy.
Professor Julian Crane, of the university of otago, who led the study, noted that probiotics had a stronger protective effect on older women or those who had diabetes during pregnancy.
The researchers are now deepening their research to determine the role of probiotics in reducing the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes.
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