Everyone knows that the abuse of antibiotics is harmful, but they do not know how to identify it. The biggest harm of the abuse of antibiotics is that the human finally has no medicine to save, and raised "superbug"... Antibiotics are a double-edged sword. If you don't use them correctly, you're stabbing yourself...
The dangers of misuse of antibiotics
Direct damage to the human body, causing disease increase
First, it directly damages human health. Residual antibiotics in the environment may enter the human body through the food chain, and antibiotics are chemical drugs. Long-term human exposure to the environment containing antibiotics is not good for health. For example, children exposed to antibiotics for a long time will have an increased risk of obesity and asthma.
More than 80,000 people die each year from drug resistance
More than 80,000 people die each year from drug resistance in China, according to the data. The UK's antimicrobial resistance assessment board estimates that one million people will die in China by 2050 if current conditions do not improve
This is because: antibiotics are a drug in themselves, but only for specific diseases, and when taken, when people do not need antibiotics, they naturally cause some drug-related safety problems. Drug resistance is a top issue.
For example, the purpose of antimicrobials is to kill bacteria. After they enter the human body, they turn the bacteria inside the human body into drug-resistant bacteria. When the resistant bacteria re-enter the human body, the previous antimicrobials become ineffective drugs.
"If we don't take measures to control bacterial resistance, we won't be able to take drugs in the future. It's a horrible thing."
These common diseases do not require antibiotics
1 chronic pharyngitis
Acute pharyngitis is treated not in time, can turn into chronic pharyngitis, appear dryness, the symptom such as scratchy throat, but do not have any germs commonly, because pharyngeal ministry mucosa has the pathological change of chronic inflammation, be like mucosa hyperemia, swelling, hypertrophy, dry, thin, atrophy.
Unless there is bacterial infection, such as pharyngeal purulent spots, fever, and other symptoms, use antibiotics, and follow the doctor's advice.
2 gynecological inflammation
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic cervicitis treatment does not need to use antibiotic, only acute inflammation attack, need antibiotic only, and must be the hospital selects medicine according to bacterium culture and drug sensitivity test. And to vaginitis, vulvitis, wait, have trichomonad sex vaginitis only, bacterium sex vagina needs antibiotic, other do not need antibiotic treatment.
According to a number of studies, only about 5 to 10 percent of chronic prostatitis have a clear bacterial infection that requires oral antibiotic treatment. And antibiotic treatment for chronic prostatitis should be based on urinary tract bacteria culture and drug sensitivity tests, rather than feeling uncomfortable with inflammation and taking antibiotics.
Diarrheal diseases are classified as infectious and non-infectious, and antibiotics are not necessary for non-infectious diarrhea. The cold and wet diarrhea caused by virus, the injured diarrhea caused by overeating, and the diarrhea caused by spleen deficiency are not suitable for antibiotics.
5 cold (upper respiratory tract infection)
About 90 percent of colds are caused by viral infections, and antibiotics do nothing to treat the virus. Colds caused by viruses last about five to seven days, and most patients heal themselves. If symptoms persist or are associated with high fever and asthma, seek medical attention immediately.
Even if a cold is associated with a bacterial infection and doctors prescribe antibiotics, the next time a cold presents the same symptoms, don't use the rest of the medicine because the bacteria may not be the same.
6 otitis media
Acute suppurative otitis media is shown when the symptom such as high fever, vomiting, should follow doctor's advice to use antibiotic really. But whether to use antibiotics for chronic otitis media, should listen to the doctor's advice. If you feel an ear infection and you don't use antibiotics regularly, you may increase the risk of resistance.
7 the mumps
Mumps is more common in children and adolescents, fever, headache, sore throat, poor appetite, vomiting, and several hours of swollen parotid pain. Mumps is caused by a virus invasion, so general antibiotics and sulfonamide drugs are ineffective.
Sinusitis can be caused by a bacterial or viral infection, patients are difficult to distinguish, should be judged by a doctor. About one-third of patients with sinusitis develop secondary bacterial infections and need to be treated with antibiotics.
Some gastritis is infectious inflammation, such as caused by helicobacter pylori or other bacteria, but the eradication of helicobacter pylori cannot be treated with ordinary antibiotics, it is stubborn. And if the gastritis caused by physical and chemical factors, such as long-term overheating, rough food, alcohol, drugs, and so on, taking antibiotics will not be effective.
10 urinary tract infection
Acute cystitis is a kind of infection in the lower urinary tract, which is common in women. It is characterized by frequency of urination, urgency of urination, pain in urination, or hematuria or fever. Urinary tract infections need to be identified and targeted with antibiotics.
Probiotics - an alternative to antibiotics
Good bacteria, called probiotics, balance PH in the gut, helping balance the flora in the body and make the body healthier. The gut regulates more than 70 percent of the body's immune function. If the gut is the training ground for immunity, probiotics are the trainers.
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